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The Tiji Festival Upper Mustang - Himalaya Expedition: The adventure Sports | HimEX NEPAL

the tiji festival upper mustang

  • 19 days

  • Moderate To Strenous

  • Spring

  • people

Mustang is the old kingdom of Lo. Although the actual capital of the Mustang district is Jomsom, the real Tibetan style district lies north of Kagbeni and is usually referred to as Upper Mustang. Mustang has an average elevation of 13,000ft and is located to the north of the mountain giants of Dhaulagiri and Annapurna. Hence, it is north of the main Himalayan range and vegetation-wise belongs to the highlands of Tibet. This vast high valley is arid and dry, therefore, has a barren, desert like appearance. The place is also characterized by eroded canyons, and colorful stratified rock formations. One of the most fascinating features of Mustang is literally thousands of cliff dwellings, some of which look absolutely inaccessible. According to the latest theory, they may date to 8-10,000 BC when Mustang was a much greener land. Naturally, most of the history is now a matter of legend rather than recorded fact. Nonetheless, it seems clear that Lo was once part of Ngari, part of Tibet and a rather loose collection of feudal domains. It was incorporated into the Tibetan Empire under the most famous of the Tibetan kings Songtsengampo. It was an important means of crossing the Himalaya from Tibet to Nepal, and many of the old salt caravans passed through Mustang. By 14C, much of Ngari became part of the Malla Empire, whose capital was Sinja in western Nepal. It had initially become an independent kingdom in its own right under the rule of Ame Pal, the founder king of Lo in 1380. The present royal family can trace its history 25 generations back to Ame Pal, and the city of Lo Manthang, which we will visit, was the centre of their power

Itinerary

What's included

Price includes following services:

1. Accommodation sharing twin at Hotel in Kathmandu for 4 nights & Hotel in Pokhara for 1 night on Bed & Breakfast basis.

2. Airport transfers in Kathmandu & Pokhara.

3. Half day guided sightseeing tour of Kathmandu with applicable entrance fees.

4. Internal flight Pokhara / Kathmandu with applicable airport taxes.

5. Trekking arrangement backed by Sherpa Guide and porter/s using local homes on full board basis.

6. Applicable Special Trekking Permit & Conservation Fees.

7. Transportation Kathmandu / Beshisahar & Trek / Pokhara by private Non AC Vehicle.

8. Insurance for Nepalese crew.

Not included

Our price does not include followings:

1. International flights to / from Kathmandu.

2. Nepal entry visa fees.

3. Lunch and dinner while in Kathmandu & Pokhara Hotel.

4. Travel, Medical and Personal insurance.

5. Rescue evacuation in case of emergency.

6. Personal clothing and personal trekking gear including sleeping bag & down jacket.

7. Expenses of personal nature, i.e. tipping, laundry, bottled drinks, bar bills etc.

8. Any expense for early returning member due sickness, injury or any other reason. No refund will be entertained for any unused service.

9. Extra expense occurred due to unexpected circumstances like cancellation of internal flights, floods, strike etc.

Similar Tour

Extensions

Teeji Festival:

The annual event of Tiji festival is originally of Lo-Manthang, Upper Mustang in Nepal. Tiji commonly pronounced "Teeji" is the abbreviated form of Tempa Chhirim which translates to "Prayer for World peace". Tiji honors the victory of Buddha's incarnation Dhorje Sonam over a demon called Ma Tam Ru Ta who was a man eater, and caused storms and droughts to destroy people's houses and livestock. During this three-day festival the monks of Lo Manthang Chhyode Gumba re-enact the harassment of the Ma Tam Ru Ta, the birth of the demon’s son Dhorje Sonam- and attempt by Dhorje Sonam to return the demon to the BUDDHA realm through dances performances. The monks perform a dance called “Tsa Chham” on the first day of the Tiji and “Nga Chham” on the second. One monk has to stay in seclusion for three months during the winter preparing for the role of Dhorje Sonam. The third day is observed with a ceremony called “Rha chham” where the monk playing the role of Dhorje Sonam throws the effigy and Tsamppa representation of Ma Tam Ru Ta. It is believed that the village is purified of evil spirits at this time. The Tiji festival falls from the 27th to 29th of the third month of Tibetan calendar (April and May every year). It is organized by Chhyode Gumba which is a monastery of Sakyapa sect located in Lo Manthang, Upper Mustang. The abbot of the monastery is Khempo Tashi Tijin Rinpochhe and there is around 35 others from Lomanthang, Nenyol and Chhoser in the monastery. Villagers from all over “Lho Tshu Dhyun” (the ancient kingdom of Lo) come to watch the dance and participate in the accompanying festivities. They also contribute firewood and necessary materials to undertake the festival.